Print ISSN: 2309-5199

Online ISSN: 2616-6933

Issue 1,

Issue 1


Estimate of Heritability for some semen traits of White Leghorn

Thamer Kareem Al-Janabi

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 15-19

This study was conducted at the Poultry farm / animal resource department , college of A griculture ,Baghdad University , and over the Period form 15-10- 2004 until 30-9-2005 .The aim of this study was estimated heritability of some semen traits by used half-sib Paternal Procedure throw variance and co-variance (VCV) matrix  for sire and error , 24 roosters , 144 hens and 193 offspring were used in this experiment . Results obtained can be summarized as follows :
The overall means for The semen Volume , Packed semen Volume , mass motility , individual motility , percentage of dead spermatozoa and percentage of abnormal spermatozoa were 0.31 ml , 9.29% , 72.13%, 76.56% , 11.14% and 10.01 % .
-Heritability of semen Volume , Packed semen Volume ,mass motility ,individual motility, Percentage of dead spermatozoa and Percentage of abnormal spermatozoa were 0.31 , 023 , 0,26 , 0.27 , 0.29 and 0.26

Qualitative characters of cotton as affected by magnetized water and weed control with trifluralin

Hameed A. Kh. Al-Farttoosi; Faik T. Al-Chalabi; Anna Jaroszewska; ROSE Kowalewska

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 20-39

A field experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm, Department of Field Crop Sciences - College of  Agriculture - University of Baghdad, during summer season of 2008 and 2009 to investigate the qualitative  characters of cotton as affected by magnetized water and weed control with trifluralin herbicide. A randomized complete block design arranged according to split-plot was used with three replicates. The study included four levels of magnetic water strength (0, 500, 1000 and 2000 Gauss ) as main plot treatments and five application rates of trifluralin (0, 0.6, 1.2, 2.4 and 3.6 l.ha-1), and weed free as sub plot treatments. The results showed significant effect of magnetic water on almost all characters studied. Magnetic water of 500 Gauss caused lowest dry weight of weeds in both seasons and recorded 254.8g.m-2 compared with 320.8 8g.m-2 for normal water treatment in 2008 season and 136.4 g.m-2  compared with 177.3 g.m-2   in 2009 season. Alsomagnetic water of 5oo gauss caused highest fiber length in both seasons and recorded 26.73 as compared with 26.11mm for normal water treatment in 2008 season and 26.98 as compared with 26.24  in 2009 season. Oil percentage also increased and recorded 18.70% and 20.32% compard with 17.53% and 18.91% in both seasons. Closer impact resulted between lower application rate of herbicide (1.2 l.ha-1) and highest application rate (2.4 l.ha-1) on fiber length, fiber strength, and fiber microner in 2008 and oil and protein percentage in both seasons. Also significant interaction effects was obtained between magnetic water of (500 Gauss) and application rate of trifluralin.. It was concluded that magnetic water technique could be used to improve quality characters of fiber and seed of cotton. Similarly magnetized water may increase efficiency of lower application rates of trifluralin herbicide which may lead to reduced the cost of this herbicide and the environmental pollution.

Application level of agricultural officials in nineveh governorate for scientific methods in field of agricultural techniques transfer and relationship with some variables

Ahmed Altalb

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 40-54

  The research aimed at identifying the level of application of scientific methods for agricultural officials in field of agricultural techniques transfer in governorate of Nineveh in general and to find out the correlation between the level of application and the independent variables, and to rank the items according to the application level of   agricultural officials. 
  For the purpose of obtaining data for research adopted questionnaire was composed of two parts: first Part included a number of questions to obtain personal and functional information for agricultural officials (age, educational level, occupational status, length of service functionality, training), while the second part included (16) items in the  field of agricultural techniques transfer, which was put in front of each item alternatives(I practice always, I practice often, I practice sometimes, I practice rarely, no practice), which had been given the following degrees (5, 4, 3, 2 ,1) and respectively, after the completion of the form the initial offered to specialists in agricultural extension and agricultural technologies to ensure the face validity  for items of the scale, The  reliability of the scale was calculated in siplit-half method, where the reliability coefficient (0.85), and the validity coefficient (0.92), Data was collected during the month (December, 2010). 
The search included all agricultural officials in governorate of Nineveh, of whom (172) employees, where I took a simple random sample of them by 40% and the rate of (69) employees. 
   The results showed that (55%) of the respondents  was the level of their application was medial, and that (23%) of them was the level of their application is high, while those who had the level of their application was low at (22%) of the total respondents surveyed (the level of application of scientific methods of agricultural officials in field of agricultural techniques transfer in governorate of Nineveh in general is medial). 
   The results also showed that the variables (age, educational level, length of service functionality, training) have significantly a correlation with the level of the application and the variables (career center) have no correlation  with the level of the application of application of scientific methods of agricultural officials in field of agricultural techniques transfer, also it was found that the level of the application of agricultural officials high in (the possibility of identifying the role of the specialist benchmark, in the transfer of modern agricultural techniques in a scientific manner, defining the concept of transfer of modern agricultural techniques in a scientific manner, to identify emerging problems for the growers when the use of modern agricultural techniques in a scientific manner is true).

Effect of organic, chemicalfertilization and whey and on vegetative groweth of potatoes cv desiree

Omar H. Al-Mohammedi; Fadhil AL-Sahaf; Alaa S. Ati

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 65-81

  An experiment was carried out in the experimental field of Horticulture Dept., College of Agriculture, University of  Baghdad for two seasons (spring 2007 and 2008)to produce potato by organic fertilization. In spring 2007 season, class A seed tubers while in spring 2008 season, class Elite of the cv. Desiree potato was used. Two experiment were designed, first was the use of three sources of organic fertilizers (Poultry,  three levels of cattle and sheep manure)in addition to conventional  mineral fertilizer and  no fertilization (control) treatment. In second experiment, cattle manure fertilizer in addition to whey were used. Results could be summarized as follows:





Soil added of 10% poultry manures hasten the field emergence and was 26.21 and 27.14 days. Cattle manure at 15% with whey had the lowest number of days for field emergence in both seasons (28.97 and 29.68 days respectively).


 

Manure treatment regardless the source and cattle manure 15% +whey all caused 100% emergence for both seasons Greatest number of stems was found when 10% poultry manure was added (4.60 and 4.52 stem/plant) and 15%cattle manure with whey was added (4.44 and 4.36 stem/plant)for the two seasons respectively ).Total leaf area on the other hand was found in mineral fertilized plants for both seasons (34.30 and 33.30 dm 2/plant respectively ).Greatest dry matter percentage was found with 10% poultry manure treatment (56.29 and 55.27 g/plant)and with 15% cattle manure and whey treatment (56.20and 55.16 g/ plant) for the two seasons respectively.

The Effect of Adding vitamin E and selenium or vitamins AD3E in colostrum and milk yield in local black does

Dhia A. Ali; Mohammed J. AL-Tamemmy; Muhannd F.H. AL-Masoadai

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 82-96

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of AD3E vitamins or vitamin E-Se on some productivity traits of local black Iraqi does. this study was conducted in the station of sheep and goat research related to the state broad for Agricultural research for period between December 2010 to May 2011.Twenty one does were isolated and divided randomly in to three groups(7each),body weight and age was considered. Animals of the first group (control) were untreated , the 2nd group was drenched weekly with liquid of AD3E vitamins contain ( 2500 Iu of vitamin A,500 Iu of vitamin D3  and 5 mg of vitamin E/  Kg of body weight), the third group was drenched weekly with liquid of vitamin E-Se(2.5 mgvit.E and 70 mg Se / Kg of body weight.
 
The results revealed that colostrum yield and fat %  in AD3E  and E-Se groups was Significantly increased p<0.05  comparative with control, also significant increased P<0.05 in Protein% in E-Se group comparative with control group, while the lactose %and solid non fat(SNF) % did not affected with treatments. Milk yield and milk fat% were significantly increased (P<0.05) in AD3E and in the same level, milk yield was increased in E-Se group comparative with control group, While lactose%, milk protein% and SNF% did not affected with the treatments, only in the 2nd week, SNF% was significantly increased (P<0.05).                                                                                          

Studies on the Indian meal moth plodia interpunctella Hub.(pyralididae:Lepid) and its control by som insecticides

Muna A. Benian

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 97-108

P.interpunctella regarded as one of the most important on stored corn seeds in Thi-Qar province.Iraq Recently the insect became frequent habitants infeots dried stored food even in privae houses , The female lays about 139.3+5.2 eggs Jars containing corn seeds nuts while 44.9+15.9 eggs injars without food . Hatchiny precentageof was dif ferent being 74.56% under laboratory condition (24+5oc) and 86.91% in the incubator at constand temperature(27oc).
 
There are six larval instars consumed about 0.7gm of pistachio nuts , ma king several tunnels of different sizes in their foot substrate,Athick web covered with food particles resulted durng heauy infestation .Developmonts of the immature.Stages Under laboratory and incubator condition revealed no significant differences .The insect had seven generations the last one wes the longest as this insect overwintered in the form of fully grown l arva.
 
Ln an attempt to control this pest the following organophosphourus  insecticides (Dursban sumithion and Malathion) were used against third.
 
And sixth instar larvae . The obtained results revealed that third instar Larvae were more susceptible to the above insecticides. Using olive oil and thanite as synergists resulted in a conspicuous increase in the Killing rate

Use of Pollen Supplements and Substitutes in Feeding of Honey Bee colonies, Apis mellifera L. During Summer Season

Mohamed Alwan Salman

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 109-121

The study aimed to find out the efficiency of protein mixtures used as supplements and alternatives to pollen on the activity of honey bee colonies in Hartha / Basra for the period from 15/5/2011 until 30/7/2011 The mixtures are: a mixture of pollen count with milk powder, lentil mixture and yeast bread, lentils and mix egg whites, mix lentils and mushrooms, paste nictapol commercial and mixed pollen papyrus.
 
     The results showed the highest area of ​​the brood sealed when mixed pollen with milk sorting reaching 12124.4 cm 2, followed by treatment of pulp Alnictapol, which amounted to an area of ​​11,650 cm 2 and a difference of legal entity from the rest of the transaction, and the smallest area was when Mix pollen papyrus, amounting to 8958 cm 2.
 
      For pollen mixture showed higher paste Alnictapol area was 1236.3 cm 2 and less space when you mix the pollen grains of papyrus, which amounted to 904.1 cm 2, as there have been no significant differences between all the transactions in the area of ​​pollen.
 
      At the level of honey production has the highest weight was 4100 g when mixed with milk, pollen count and significant difference from the rest of the transaction, and the smallest weight of the mixture when the pollen and the papyrus of 2889 g.
 
      The results of food preference than transactions with the pollen count milk powder as well as a paste Alnictapol trade reaching 100% in each treatment were mixed lentil and mushroom less favorable than the rest of the transaction amounted to 72.5%.
 
      Also given transaction mix pollen with milk screening dried, a paste nictapol commercial correlated significantly with the production of brood sealed and pollen and the amount of honey, and for the treatment of mixed lentils, yeast bread was their link moral with the production of brood and honey, as he was positive with the rest of the transactions at all levels of production of brood sealed and the amount of pollen and honey.
 
The analysis of the basic components of the pollen collected by worker honey bees from protein and fats and sugars, ash and moisture percentages were 18.32%, 3.136%, 33.633%, 0.960%, 43.95%, respectively

Effect of addition in iraqi probiotic with vitamin c and their mixture under heat stress some hematological and biochemical charateristics japanese quail

Mohammed M. Hadie; Raad Jafer Hussien; Salah M. Kati

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 122-133

 The experiment was conducted in the poultry farm , technical college – AL Mussayab to reveal the effect of addition of vitamin C and Iraqi probiotic or their mixture on hematological characteristics of Japanese quail . A total of 120 Japanese quail (96 females and 24 males ) , 60 days of age were used in the experiment . birds were randomly allocated into four treatment , 3 replicated for each treatment (in each treatment 24 femal and 6 male ) . birds in all treatment wre exposed to heat stress at a temperature 36 ± 2 c° from 8 oclock AM at morning till 3 o'clock AM at evening by using aqueous brooders . the treatments were assigned as T1 ; control treatment  (without any addition ). T2: birds in this treatment were fed  normal diet with 250 mg/L  Vit C drinking water . T3: birds in this treatment were fed  normal diet with addition of 4 gm Iraqi  probitic at a dose  / kg of feed . T4: birds in this treatment were fed on of 4 gm Iraqi  probitic /kg of feed and with 250 mg Vit C /L drinking water .
 
      Results revealed that addition of probiotic  increased significantly globulin level in blood plasma while , vitamin C or the mixture of both did not affect the globulin level as compared with the control treatment . Addition of vitamin C and Iraqi probiotic or the mixture of both caused high significant (p ˂ 0.01) on some hematological characteristics such as plasma glucose and cholesterol . 

Effect of enrichment of CO2 and nitrogen fertilizer on growth of olive

Ausama Y. S. Al-juboory; Jabber A. Al-djaili; Mohammed S. Al-juhishy

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 134-148

An experiment was conducted in the Lath House of the Department of Horticulture/ Collage of Agriculture/ University of Baghdad. During fourteen month from 1/4/2009 to 1/7/2010, to investigate the effect of co2 enrichment and nitrogen fertilizer on growth of two cultivars of olive (Oleaeuropaea L.) Nabali & Khoudiri. Three concentrations of CO2 (400, 800, 1200) µmol/mol and two concentrations of urea fertilizer (17, 34) gm urea/pot. Were used. The results were analyzed by genstat program. The results were summarized as followed, The treatment 1200µmol/mol CO2was superior than other treatments in the shoot length which gave 52.56cm, while treatment 400 µmol/mol CO2 was superior than other treatments in the number of stomata which gave 133.01 stomata/mm2. The cultivar khoudeiri was superior in the number of stomata which gave 120.28 stomata/mm2. The treatment (Nabali +17g urea/pot+1200 µmol/mol CO2) was superior than other treatments which gave the highest shoot length of 60.2cm. while the treatment (Nabali +17g urea/pot+800 µmol/mol CO2) gave the highest leaf area of 1202cm2 . The treatment (khoudeiri +17g urea/pot+800 µmol/mol CO2) gave the highest number of leaf of 322.02leaf/plant, while the treatment (khoudeiri +34g urea/pot+400 µmol/mol CO2) gave the highest number of stomata in the leaf of 150.89 stomata/mm2.