Print ISSN: 2309-5199

Online ISSN: 2616-6933

Issue 1,

Issue 1


Effect of ethanol extracted propolis (EEP) on growth performance in the meat type Japanese quails

Mohammed Jard Kadhim

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 1-15

The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the performance of two varieties of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)  with three plant densities (40, 50 and  60 thousands of  plants.ha-1.)  and estimate the phenotypic, genotypic and environment variation, phenotypic and genotypic coefficient of variation, heritability, stability and genetic resultant, for two seasons. The experiments were conducted during spring and fall seasons of 2013, using factorial experiment within RCBD with four replicates. The results showed the superiority of Shimoos variety, it gives seed yield 3.345 t.ha-1 compared with Aqmar variety which gave 2.375 t.ha-1 in spring season, at fall season Shimoos variety gave 6.265 t.ha-1, while Aqmar variety gave 5.379 t.ha-1. The yield increased with plant density increasing, it ranged from 2.425 to 3.222t.ha-1 in spring season and from 4.396 to 5.822t.ha-1 in fall season. The values of phenotypic stability were different according to differences between varieties and seasons. The high value was 93.75% for disc area followed by 90.13% for seed yield t.ha-1 for Aqmar in spring season and the higher value for Shimoos variety was 94.15 for disc area followed by 90.66% and 90.55% for 100 seed weight and number of seeds in disc respectively. . All values of genetic variation are higher than environment variation, and were closed to phenotypic variations for spring and fall seasons, except for seed number in disc in fall season which was less than environment variation. Hence the heritability for these traits were high and ranges from 63% for seed number in disc to 95% for shoot dry weight in spring season and from 33% for seed number in disc to 99.6% for disc area in fall season. So the genetic coefficient of variation for all traits is closed to phenotypic coefficient variation. The traits: plant growth rate and shoot dry weight for Aqmar, and leaf area index, plant growth rate and seeds yield for Shimoos showed non phenotypic stability in spring season. In fall season, seed yield t.ha-1 for Aqmar was the only trait non-phenotypic stable. The genetic results are ranged from 65.32% for shoot dry weight to 98.86% for seed number in disc for Aqmar and from 81.34% for seed number in disc to 114.79% for 100 seed weight for Shimoos in spring. In fall season, it ranges from 69.18 for leaf area index to 96.02% for seed number in disc for Aqmar and from 89.25% for seed number in disc to 107.32% for disc area for ShimoosIt is possible to conclude that Shimoos variety was superior in most of the traits. So we recommend planting Shimoos variety in the fall season, because it is more stable than Aqmar variety, while Aqmar variety can be cultivated in the spring season.

The Efficacy of ecofriendly biocontrol Azotobacter chroococcum and Lac-tobacillus rhamnosus for enhancing plant growth and reducing infection by Neoscytalidium spp. in fig (Ficus carica L.) saplings

Sabah Lateef Alwan; Hawraa Neamah Hussein

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 16-25

The aim of the research was to use the environment-friendly agents to reduce the effect of Neoscytalidium dimidiatum and Neoscytalidium novaehollandiae, that cause dieback and blacking stem on several agricultural crops. This disease was the first record on fig trees in Iraq by this study and registered in GenBank under accession numbers :   MF682357 , MF682358, in addition to its involvement in causing dermatomycosis to human.  In order to reduce environmental pollution due to chemical pesticides, two antagonistic bacteria Lactobacillus rhamnosus (isolated from yoghurt) and Azotobacter chroococcum (isolated from soil) were used to against pathogenic fungi N. dimidiatum and N. novahollandiae. The in vitro tests showed that both bio-agents bacteria were highly antagonistic to both pathogenic fungal reducing their radial growth to 44 and 75% respectively . Results of greenhouse experiments in pot showed that both A. chroococcum and L.rhamnosus decreased severity of infection by pathogenic fungi and enhanced plant health and growth. All the growth parameters of fig trees including leaf area, content of total chlorophyll, catalase and peroxidase activities were significantly higher compared to infected untreated control.

Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis for Seed Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea under Rainfed Condition

Shara Jala Hama

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 26-35

Chickpea is rich in protein and micronutrients and plays a significant role in human diet especially as accompaniment to staples, but seed yields in Kurdistan are still below the crop potential. This investigation was conducted during the spring seasons of 2017, at Bakrajo Research Station, College of Agricultural Sciences/University of Sulaimani to determine relationships among yield and some yield components using correlation and path coefficient analysis in chickpea grown under rainfed conditions. The character seed yield showed positive and highly significant correlation with most characters including plant height, number of branches per plant, deep of roots, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, 100 seed weight, dry mater weight, pod weight per plant, protein percentage and biological weight. Characters dry matter weight per plant recorded the highest positive direct effect on seed yield reached 0.848, while the maximum positive indirect effect on seed yield recorded by weight of pods per plant via dry matter weight per plant with 0.795.  

Effects of plant density on seed yield and it’s components of two pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivars under rainfed condition in Sulaimani province

Dayan Majeed Ibrahim; Shiren Jalal Mohamed; Shilan Mahmood Ahmed

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 36-48

This study was carried out to investigate the response of two cultivars of pea (Markerbsen and Zuckerbsen)  to three plant densities (20, 40, and 80 plant. m-2) under the rain fed condition in Sulaimani province, during the growing seasons of  (2014-2015 and 2015-2016). RCBD in factorial experiments arrangement was used with three replications. The results showed no significant effects of cultivars, plant densities and their interaction on plant height, while, the cultivar of Zuckerbsen was significantly gave higher  dry weight compared to Markerbsen and at lowest plant density (20 plant. m- 2)  followed by (40 plant. m-2).  Number of branches.plant-1, number of pods.plant-1, number of seeds.pod-1, number of seeds.plant-1, biological yield had not affected by both cultivars and plant densities. However, the highest and significant weight of seed, 1000 seed weight, harvest index (HI) were obtained in first growing season by  Zuckerbsen cultivar at 20 plant. m-2  compared with Markerbsen cultivar at (40 and 80 plant. m-2) densities and second growing season . The highest seed yield was obtained by Zuckerbsen cultivar in both growing seasons at plant density of (80 plant. m-2) with value of 3159.95 kg. ha-1) in first growing season and value of (2873.65 kg. ha-1) in second growing season followed by Markerbsen cultivar in first growing season with value of (2599.52 kg.ha-1) at 80 plant. m-2) compared to other plant densities this mean both cultivar performed better in first growing season with higher rainfall and lower temperature during pod development compared to second growing season. This study suggested Zuckerbsen cultivar and plant density of 80 plant. m-2 for Sulaimani province.

Determination of quality compounds in Some of Iraqi honey types

Mohammed A. Salman; Aum-El-Bashar H. AL-Mossawi; Dhia F. Al-fekaiki

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 56-61

   This study was conducted on different types of honey brought  Collected From Basrah, Maysan, Najaf, Karbala, Babylon, Wasit, Baghdad, Diyala, Kirkuk and Sulaymaniyah Included : The quality-related compounds  of  honeys samples were Determinate within the permissible limits Including consisit of proline, diastase, hydroxylmethyl furfural (HMF); and vitamin C.  honey content of proline the highest value was 687.34 mg kg-1 in Karbala region and the lowest value in Najaf region 295.34 mg kg-1, And diastase  number the highest was 14.36 unit In Basrah region and the lowest diastase number in Babylon region 8.67 unit ,The hydroxymethyl furfal was the highest value in Babylon region 41.54 mg kg-1 while the lowest value in Basrah and Baghdad honey 12.35 Mg kg-1 each, the highest value of vitamin C 350.23 mg kg-1 in Najaf region and the lowest value in Maysan region 190.54 mg kg-1

Response of the yield components and cultivation economics to Grow More Nutrition application on potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.)

Sabah Abd Flieh Flieh; Razzaq Owayez Idan; Kadum Mohammed Abdullah Abdullah

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 56-61

This field experiment was coducted to evaluate the response of potato yield to foliar application of Grow More Nutrition. It was carried out in the vegetable research farm at the Department of Horticulture, Agriculture Collage, University of Karbala, Iraq during spring season 2015-2016. The treatments were three concentrations of Grow More Nutrition (T1 0 mg L-1(control), T2 (25 mg L-1) and T3 (50 mg L-1) with three replication. The results showed that the application of  T3 (50 mg L-1) had a sicnificant impact on number of tubers, tuber weight, yield per plant, total yield, net return and cost benefit ratio (8.67, 73.33, 0.64, 31.44 t ha-1, Din. 9408000 t.ha-1 And Din.3.969697 t ha-1, respectively.

Estimation of some genetic parameters under plant density in sunflower

Wajeeha Abed Hassan; Banan Hassan Hadi; Faez Fayad Alogaidi; Kareem Mohamed Wuhaib; Zainab Kareem Al-Shugeairy

Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 62-75

The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the performance of two varieties of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)  with three plant densities (40, 50 and  60 thousands of  plants.ha-1.)  and estimate the phenotypic, genotypic and environment variation, phenotypic and genotypic coefficient of variation, heritability, stability and genetic resultant, for two seasons. The experiments were conducted during spring and fall seasons of 2013, using factorial experiment within RCBD with four replicates. The results showed the superiority of Shimoos variety, it gives seed yield 3.345 t.ha-1 compared with Aqmar variety which gave 2.375 t.ha-1 in spring season, at fall season Shimoos variety gave 6.265 t.ha-1, while Aqmar variety gave 5.379 t.ha-1. The yield increased with plant density increasing, it ranged from 2.425 to 3.222t.ha-1 in spring season and from 4.396 to 5.822t.ha-1 in fall season. The values of phenotypic stability were different according to differences between varieties and seasons. The high value was 93.75% for disc area followed by 90.13% for seed yield t.ha-1 for Aqmar in spring season and the higher value for Shimoos variety was 94.15 for disc area followed by 90.66% and 90.55% for 100 seed weight and number of seeds in disc respectively. . All values of genetic variation are higher than environment variation, and were closed to phenotypic variations for spring and fall seasons, except for seed number in disc in fall season which was less than environment variation. Hence the heritability for these traits were high and ranges from 63% for seed number in disc to 95% for shoot dry weight in spring season and from 33% for seed number in disc to 99.6% for disc area in fall season. So the genetic coefficient of variation for all traits is closed to phenotypic coefficient variation. The traits: plant growth rate and shoot dry weight for Aqmar, and leaf area index, plant growth rate and seeds yield for Shimoos showed non phenotypic stability in spring season. In fall season, seed yield t.ha-1 for Aqmar was the only trait non-phenotypic stable. The genetic results are ranged from 65.32% for shoot dry weight to 98.86% for seed number in disc for Aqmar and from 81.34% for seed number in disc to 114.79% for 100 seed weight for Shimoos in spring. In fall season, it ranges from 69.18 for leaf area index to 96.02% for seed number in disc for Aqmar and from 89.25% for seed number in disc to 107.32% for disc area for ShimoosIt is possible to conclude that Shimoos variety was superior in most of the traits. So we recommend planting Shimoos variety in the fall season, because it is more stable than Aqmar variety, while Aqmar variety can be cultivated in the spring season.