Effect of replaced partial or complete fermented wheat by Saccharomyces cerevisiae, probiotic and rumen liquor with urea instead of corn on productive performance of broiler chicks
Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences,
2018, Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 178-193
AbstractAs the field experiment designed to study the replacement of wheat fermented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Iraqi probiotic and rumen liquor with urea partially or completely replace corn in diets on the productive performance of broiler chickens as well as digest it conducted a second test after the end of the second field experiment. In this experiment, A 450 chicks were used and distributed over 10 treatments each with three replicates (15 chicks for replicate) treatments are: T1 and T2 partial and complete replacing of wheat without urea instead of corn, respectively (controls); T3 and T4 partial and complete replacing of wheat with urea instead of corn, respectively (controls); T5 and T6 partial and complete replacing of wheat fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae with urea instead of corn, respectively; T7 and T8 partial and complete replacing of wheat fermented by Iraqi probiotic with urea instead of corn, respectively; T9 and T10 partial and complete replacing of wheat fermented by rumen liquor with urea instead of corn, respectively. The current studies included the following results: The results showed that there were significant increases in final live body weight, total weight gain of T5, and accumulative feed intake for the T6 group, while T10 recorded the best conversion ratio, also T9 and T10 recorded the best economic figure.
- Al-Daraji, H. J. (2012) The use of liquorice, probiotic, potassium chloride and sodium bicarbonate to counteract the detrimental effects of heat stress on performance of broilers. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agriculture Science, 1(6):127-135.
- Al-Faris, A. K. Abod Al-Faris (2012) Partial Replacement of Barely by Soya Bean Meal or Urea and Addition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to Male Arabi Lambs and Their Effects on Rumen Microbial Performance and Growth. Philosophy Doctor thesis, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah.
- Alfayyadh, A. H.; Taher, K. N. and Khammas, E. J. (2011) A study the effect of probiotic ) Biomin Imbo®) and vitamin E on some productive, quality and biochemical characters for broiler chicks exposed to cyclic heat stress. Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences.10(2):88-96.
- Al-Kaissi, G. A.; Al-Khalidi, R. A. and Naji,S. A. (2006) A comparison effect of the imported (Biomin) and logal Iraqi probiotic on some physiological properties and intestinal microflora in broiler chicks. The Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 30(1):25-34.
- Al-Mansour, S.; Al-Khalf, A.; Al-Homidan, I. and Fathi, M. M. (2011) Feed efficiency and blood hematology of broiler chicks given a diet supplemented with yeast culture. International Journal of Poultry Science, 10 (8): 603-607.
- Amaefule, K. U.; Iheukwumere, F. C.; Lawal, A. S. and Ezekwonna, A. A. (2006) The effect of treated rice milling waste on performance, nutrient retention, carcass and organ characteristics of finisher broilers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 5 (1): 51-55.
- Chumpawadee, S.; Chinrasri, O.; Somchan, T.; Ngamlun, S.; Soychuta, S. (2008) Effect of dietary inclusion cassava yeast as probiotic source on growth performance small intestine (ileum) morphology and carcass characteristic broiler. International Journal of Poultry Science, 7:246-250.
- Duncan, B. D. (1955) Multiple range and multiple F. tests, Biometrics, 11:1-42.
- Isikwenu, J. O.; Akpodiete, O. J. and Bratte, L. (2014) Egg production and economic response of laying pullets fed urea- fermented brewer’s dried grains groundnut cake based diets. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 4 (28):71-75.
- Mohamed Ritha, S. A. (2012) A comparation between effect of Iraqi method (Uropygealectomy) with addition of Iraqi probiotic in the ration with their effect on productive performance of Ross broiler. Journal of Kerbala University. 10(4):1-7.
- Naji, S. A. and A. G. Hana. (1999(Broiler manual. Al- Hibba bureau for printing and distribution. 1st ed. Baghdad, Iraq.
- North, O. M. (1984) Commercial Chicken Production Manual. 3rd ed. AVI publishing Com. Lnc. Westport, Connecticut.
- Omara, I. I. (2012) Nutritive value of skimmed milk and whey, added as natural probiotics in broiler diets. Egyptian Journal Animal Production, 49(2):207-217.
- Onuh, S. O. ; Ortserga, D. D. and Idogah, E. E. (2015) Response of broiler chickens to graded levels of untreated and urea treated rice offal. Journal of biology, agriculture and healthcare, 5(8):126-130.
- Onuh, S.O. ; Idogah, E. E. and Ameh, E. (2015) Response of broiler chickens to graded levels of urea treated rice offal. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: D Agriculture and Veterinary, 15 (5):1-5.
- Phaff, H., Miller, M. W. and Mark, E. M. (1978) The life of yeasts 2nd Ed. Harvard University. Press, Cam bridy. (USA) and London. (cited by Walker, 1999).
- Sacakli, P.; Ergun, A.; Koksal, B. H.; Bayraktaroglu, A. G. and Sizmaz, O. (2011) Effects of diets supplemented with yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) products or/ and hops (Humulus iupulus) on growth perfor- mance and intestinal morphology in broilers, Revue Medicine Veterinary, 162(11): 531-537.
- Saied, J. M.; Al-Jabary, Q. H. and Thalij, K. M. (2011) Effect of dietary supplement yeast culture on production performance and haematological parameters in broiler chicks. International Journal Poultry Science, 10(5):376-380.
- SAS (2010) SAS/STAT User’s Guide for Personal Computers. Release 7.0 SAS Institute Inc. , Cary , N. C. , USA .
- Semeniuk, G.; Harshfield, G. S.; Carlson, C. W.; Hesseltine, C. W.; and Kwolek, W. E. (1970) Occurrence of mycotoxin in Aspergillus spp.185-190.Proc.First U.S. Japan Conf. Toxic. Microorg., U.S. Govt. Printing Office. Washington. D.C.
- Taoma, Belal Jawdat Jassam (2014) Effect of using different levels of wheat bran fermented with rumen Sheep content in diets on productive performance broiler chickens. M.S.c. thesis, Collage of Agriculture, University of Baghdad.
- Yalcin, S.; Eser, H.; Yalcin, S.; Cengiz, S. and Eltan, O. (2013) Effects of dietary yeast autolysate (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on performance, carcass and gut characteristics, blood profile, and antibody production to sheep red blood cells in broilers. Journal Applied Poultry Research, 22:55–61.
- Yalcin, S.; Yalcin, S.; Eser, H.; Yalcin, A.; Yalcin, S. S.; Gucer, S. (2014) Effects of dietary yeast cell wall supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics, antibody production and histopathological changes in broiler. Kafkas University Veterinary Fakultisi Dregisi, 20(5): 757-764.
- Article View: 16
- PDF Download: 15