Risk evaluation of accumulated heavy metals for Radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. sativus) cultivars irrigated by varying water resources
Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences,
2018, Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 67-88
AbstractThree radish cultivars namely Ufasic, Gigante, and Saxa2 grown under plastic house, irrigated by familiar Life drinking water, well and Dohuk river wastewater to evaluate the risk of accumulated heavy metals in leaves and root of three radish cultivars. The obtained results manifested that a very high amount of Pb accumulate as compared to the international recommended standard. Maximum Pb limit for human health has been established for edible parts of crops (0.2 mg.kg-1). Particularly, in edible leaves of radish irrigated with bottled water “life” and waste water (19.8641 and 15.6603µg.g-1,respectively).Similar trends obsered in accumulated Pb in edible roots of life water (19.69µg.g-1) and waster water (25.74µg.g-1).Waste water significantly increased the accumulated Zn (9.732µg.g-1 ), in edibile leaves of radish. Radish roots were not capable to sequestered Zn in their roots, and therefore, most absorbed Zn translocated to leaves. The lowst accumulated Cd in edible radish root (0.986µg.g-1) observed in radish irrigated with well water. Saxa2 can be recommended for Pb bio remedy for extracting Pb from growing media. Ufasic and Saxa2 can be recommended for Zn extraction from growing media. Gigante engages the gap between them. Interaction results mentioned in results and discussion.
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