Effects of plant density on seed yield and it’s components of two pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivars under rainfed condition in Sulaimani province
Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences,
2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 36-48
AbstractThis study was carried out to investigate the response of two cultivars of pea (Markerbsen and Zuckerbsen) to three plant densities (20, 40, and 80 plant. m-2) under the rain fed condition in Sulaimani province, during the growing seasons of (2014-2015 and 2015-2016). RCBD in factorial experiments arrangement was used with three replications. The results showed no significant effects of cultivars, plant densities and their interaction on plant height, while, the cultivar of Zuckerbsen was significantly gave higher dry weight compared to Markerbsen and at lowest plant density (20 plant. m- 2) followed by (40 plant. m-2). Number of branches.plant-1, number of pods.plant-1, number of seeds.pod-1, number of seeds.plant-1, biological yield had not affected by both cultivars and plant densities. However, the highest and significant weight of seed, 1000 seed weight, harvest index (HI) were obtained in first growing season by Zuckerbsen cultivar at 20 plant. m-2 compared with Markerbsen cultivar at (40 and 80 plant. m-2) densities and second growing season . The highest seed yield was obtained by Zuckerbsen cultivar in both growing seasons at plant density of (80 plant. m-2) with value of 3159.95 kg. ha-1) in first growing season and value of (2873.65 kg. ha-1) in second growing season followed by Markerbsen cultivar in first growing season with value of (2599.52 kg.ha-1) at 80 plant. m-2) compared to other plant densities this mean both cultivar performed better in first growing season with higher rainfall and lower temperature during pod development compared to second growing season. This study suggested Zuckerbsen cultivar and plant density of 80 plant. m-2 for Sulaimani province.
- Acikgoz, E., Ustun, A., Gul, I., Anlarsal, E., Tekeli, A. S., Nizam, I., ... & Yucel, C. (2009). Genotype x environment interaction and stability analysis for dry matter and seed yield in field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(1), 96-106.
- Álvaro, F., Royo, C., García del Moral, L. F., & Villegas, D. (2008). Grain filling and dry matter translocation responses to source–sink modifications in a historical series of durum wheat. Crop Science, 48(4), 1523-1531.
- Ayaz, S., McKenzie, B. A., & Hill, G. D. (1999). The effect of plant population on dry matter accumulation, yield and yield components of four grain legumes. Interaction, 105(5.1), 4-5.
- Beech, D. F., & Leach, G. J. (1989). Effect of plant density and row spacing on the yield of chickpea (cv. Tyson) grown on the Darling Downs, south-eastern Queensland. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 29(2), 241-246.
- Bilgili, U., Aysen, U. Z. U. N., Sincik, M., Yavuz, M., Aydinoglu, B., Cakmakci, S., ... & İsmail, G. Ü. L. (2010). Forage yield and lodging traits in peas (Pisum sativum L.) with different leaf types. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 15(1), 50-53.
- Bitew, Y., Asargew, F., & Beshir, O. (2014). Effect of plant spacing on the yield and yield component of Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) at Adet, North Western Ethiopia. Agri Forest and Fish, 3(5), 368-373.
- Falloon, P. G., & White, J. G. H. (1978). Effect of plant population on seed yield and yield components of field peas. Seed, 1000, 2_.
- Gan, Y. T., Miller, P. R., McConkey, B. G., Zentner, R. P., Liu, P. H., & McDonald, C. L. (2003). Optimum plant population density for chickpea and dry pea in a semiarid environment. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 83(1), 1-9.
- Hampton, J. G., Brunton, B. J., Pemberton, G. M., & Rowarth, J. S. (2004). Temperature and time variables for accelerated ageing vigour testing of pea (Pisum sativum L.) seed. Seed science and Technology, 32(1), 261-264.
- Maurer, A. R., Jaffray, D. E., & Fletcher, H. F. (1966). Response of peas to environment: III. Assessment of the morphological development of peas. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 46 (3), 285-290.
- McPhee, K. (2003). Dry pea production and breeding. Food, Agri Environ, 1, 64-69.
- Mevlüt, T. Ü. R. K., Sebahattin, A., & Osman, Y. (2011). Effect of seeding rate on the forage yields and quality in pea cultivars of differing leaf types. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 16(2), 137-141.
- Ouji, A., S. El-Bok, N. Omri B. E. N. Youssef, M. Rouaissi, M. Mouelhi, M. .. Younes, and M. Kharrat. (2016). “Impact of Row Spacing and Seeding Rate on Yield Components of Lentil ( Lens Culinaris L .).” Journal of New Sciences 25(2):1138–44.
- Sharma, S. K. (2002). Effect of sowing time and spacing levels on seed production of pea cultivar Arkel. Seed Research, 30(1), 88-91.
- Shaukat, S. A., Ahmad, Z., Choudhary, Y. A., & Shaukat, S. K. (2012). Effect of different sowing dates and row spacing on the growth, seed yield and quality of off-season pea (Pisum sativum L. Cv. Climax) under temperate conditions of Rawalakot Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Scientific Journal of Agricultural, 15, 117-125.
- Tekeli, S., & Ates, E. (2003). Yield and its components in field pea (Pisum arvense L.) lines. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 4(4).
- Urbano, G., Aranda, P., Gómez-Villalva, E., Frejnagel, S., Porres, J. M., Frías, J., ... & López-Jurado, M. (2003). Nutritional evaluation of pea (Pisum sativum L.) protein diets after mild hydrothermal treatment and with and without added phytase. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 51(8), 2415-2420.
- Yucel, D. O. (2013). Impact of plant density on yield and yield components of pea (Pisum sativum ssp sativum L.) cultivars. APRN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 8(2), 169-174.
- Article View: 85
- PDF Download: 56